Internal Medicine


Rhabdomyolysis is a condition characterized by massive muscle cell breakdown with the release of the cellular contents on the bloodstream and adjacent tissue. The substances released further increase the inflammation […]

Facial nerve paralysis (Bell`s palsy)

Bell`s palsy (facial palsy) is an acute nerve paralysis (CN VII) that has an incidence of ~20/100.000. CAUSES: Herpes virus activation (not necessarily associated with skin lesions) is probably the […]

Renal artery stenosis

Renal artery stenosis is a common cause of secondary hypertension and it can present in 0.5-5% of all hypertensive patients. In patients with systemic atherosclerosis the prevalence can be even higher, […]

Coarctation of the aorta

Coarctation of the aorta is a condition in which there is a narrowing of the aorta, usually located at the area where the ductus arteriosus used to insert. It has […]

Acute aortic dissection

Acute aortic dissection is a dramatic situation in which the intima wall of the aorta suffers a tear and blood leeks through the other layers, creating a hematoma that can […]