Facial nerve paralysis (Bell`s palsy)

Bell`s palsy (facial palsy) is an acute nerve paralysis (CN VII) that has an incidence of ~20/100.000. CAUSES: Herpes virus activation (not necessarily associated with skin lesions) is probably the […]

Intracerebral hemorrhage

Hemorrhagic strokes comprise 10-20% of all strokes. About half of the hemorrhagic strokes manifests as subarachnoid hemorrhages, and the other half manifests as intracerebral hemorrhage. The incidence is ~15/100.000 cases-year. […]

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is characterized by bleeding into the subarachnoid space (between the pia and arachnoid mater). Half of the hemorrhagic strokes are subarachnoid hemorrhages, and its overall incidence is […]

Ischemic stroke: Diagnosis and treatment

An ischemic stroke is characterized by an injury of the brain parenchyma due to lack of oxygen. It usually manifests as one or more acute neurological deficits. Every year around […]

Vascular dementia (multi-infarct dementia)

Vascular dementia, also known as multi-infarct dementia, is characterized by cognitive decline due to cerebrovascular pathology. The cerebrovascular damage causes chronic ischemia that leads to cognitive decline and it may […]